Worldwide backing for globalisation, if not immigration
A recent YouGov survey of 19 countries has found that the majority of people view globalisation in a positive way despite the recent bad press it has received in the West.
Changing attitudes"Globalisation has got a bad press in the West recently, with the failure of governments to prevent citizens from being left behind seen as the root of much recent political turmoil – not least the election of Donald Trump," said YouGov."Nonetheless, (the survey) finds that in almost all of the countries people are more likely to think that globalisation has been a force for good rather than ill – and by wide margins."Unsurprisingly, the countries that are the biggest enthusiasts of globalisation are the ones that have benefited most from it – the poorer nations of East and South East Asia. Here, belief that globalisation is a force for good reaches at least 70 per cent in all countries, and as high as 91 per cent in Vietnam."
Almost two thirds of French anti-globalisationSlightly more people in the US and, by a wider margin, in the UK supported globalisation than those who opposed it and the only nation where more objected to it than backed it, was France, where only 37 per cent of those questioned considered globalisation a force for good.Indeed, the French had a pretty low opinion of their country in general. Only five per cent of respondents there felt they lived in the best country in the world compared to 41 per cent in the US but only 13 per cent in the UK.
European support still strongYouGov commented, "Support is still strong in Europe though (with the exception of France) with around half or more of people in the countries surveyed saying that globalisation has been a force for good. There is, however, widespread acknowledgment that the rich have been the main beneficiaries of globalisation. "Whilst citizens across the world might be relatively warm to globalisation as a concept, delving deeper into its individual components reveals a much more mixed response. "Take interdependence, for instance. In a connected world where the manufacture of everyday products is so complex that the supply lines involved in creating them span the globe, it is inevitable that countries must trade with one another in order to meet their own needs. "Nevertheless, as many as 78 per cent of Indonesians think that their country should be able to meet its own needs without having to rely on imports from other countries. So do 57 per cent of Indians, 53 per cent of Filipinos and 52 per cent of French people."
Immigration attitudesAttitudes towards immigration also revealed another mixed picture. In the Philippines, for example, 45 per cent felt immigrants had a positive effect on the country and only six per cent regarded their presence as a negative one. But in Malaysia, only 16 per cent were positive and 39 per cent negative.Meanwhile in the UK – where the issue of immigration was considered a major reason behind the Brexit vote in June's referendum – 32 per cent of 1,690 Britons questioned considered immigration to be a benefit to the country as opposed to 29 per cent who thought it did not.But the UK was more positive than several other European countries, including Germany, France, Finland, Norway and Denmark, where more people thought immigration was having a negative effect than a positive one. In France only 13 per cent considered immigration to be a positive thing compared to 45 per cent who regarded it as negative.
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